Wednesday, April 27, 2016

Ebenezer's Paper Was Published

Ebenezer Perry Carlisle Webster
In a previous post, I shared the exciting discovery that my maternal 2nd great-grandfather, Ebenezer Perry Carlisle Webster, invented a dehorning chute. He was granted a patent for his invention on April 15, 1890.

While doing a search for Ebenezer on Google, I was excited to find a paper that was written by him. It was published in the Report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture published in 1890.1

This publication and Ebenezer's paper can be found in Google Books by clicking HERE. In this publication, Ebenezer's paper was introduced as follows:
"The next subject to enlist attention was a paper from the veteran dehorner E. P. C. Webster, of Marysville, which paper will be found on the following page."
The title of Ebenezer's paper was Should Dairy Cattle Be Dehorned?

Here are screenshots of the paper. A transcription follows.

Page 1

Page 2

Transcript of Ebenezer's Paper.

Should Dairy Cattle Be Dehorned?
By Ebenezer Perry Carlisle Webster

Should dairy cattle be dehorned? Yes; why not? I suppose the subject of dehorning is at the present time receiving as much attention as any subject pertaining to our stock industry. I have no doubt there has been some bungling work done, and that there has been some very unfavorable reports circulated. But it is essentially true that those reports are either false or the fruits of imperfect work. Either the operator did not know where and how to cut, or he did not hold the subject in a proper manner to perform the operation. But I am thoroughly convinced that the loss reported from dehorning has been greatly overdrawn.
            It is hardly possible that an intelligent man at the present time needs any time or space to prove to him that dehorning pays; so I will speak mostly on the manner of performing the operation. I was very ignorant on the subject when I began to dehorn cattle. All I knew was that I wanted to rid my cattle of the miserable horns. I commenced as low as anyone, and have studies up and practiced, until today it is a wonder to me how I ever dehorned so many cattle under such unfavorable circumstances. But such seemed to be the necessities of the case, that I had to do it some way. As I always was very careful, I happened not to kill any animal up to this time, not out of 30,000. I consider that very remarkable—almost a miracle. I have found that experience and some knowledge of cow anatomy is a great help, and the more experience the better. Some good common sense will do no hurt.
            Before a man commences he should know what he wants to do, and how to do it, and the reasons why.
            I believe in specialists as applied to dehorning, the same as any other profession, on the principle that the more a man does in a certain line the more expert he becomes. And the more he as to do the better instruments and appliances he can afford to have.
            I cannot believe Mr. Haaff’s plan, “every man his own dehorner,” is conducive to the best results, for this reason, that if every man bought his book and studied and followed it, by the time he got his own cattle dehorned he would only then be a beginner. The consequence would be the cattle would all be dehorned by beginners, and in the nature of things, no one would be as well pleased in the end as though he had hired a specialist with all the improved appliances to come and do his work at ten cents per head. I take this ground, and here I stand firm on the principle that no man can strike it right every time without some practice. And then he must have some way to hold his subject, so that a good surgical operation can be performed, knowing first where to cut, then being able to do it as exact as a carpenter saws to the scribe, so that he may not only gain the maximum speed, but reduce the pain to the minimum. Mr. Haaff, the great originator, has told the people that the horns can be removed, and fought it through on that line. But how to do it practically and satisfactorily, has been left to your humble servant.
            He says, cut down at the matrix. I take exceptions right at this point. Cut the bone off at the matrix or above it, and there we are very liable to have trouble as a result. In the first place, a long, tedious sore, because the matrix, in trying to throw off a bony cap to cover the cavity, and the skin at the same time is trying to grow over it. And here an inflammation is set up by the contending forces of nature, which extends through nervous sympathy to all the adjoining structures. So, as a consequence, the animal’s jaws will be sore, the sides of its neck will be sore; in short, all the muscles to which the fifth pair of nerves ramify will be sore.
            But if the matrix be dissected out clean, there is no longer a cartilaginous ridge for the skin to raise up over. There is no attempt at bony growth, but the skin grows right over the wound in a healthy animal, at the rate of about an eighth of an inch daily, and heals over as smooth and with as little suppuration as any common wound, until the flesh meets and there is scarcely a scar left to mark the spot. Then in that case we have a perfectly symmetrical head instead of a broad, square-topped head with stubs on each side, which not only look ugly, but strengthen the skull and increase the tendency to butt a thing that otherwise never would be attempted. Another thing, cutting too far out results in excessive bleeding in some cases, because outside of the matrix the blood flows through bony channels and the saw does not stop them, but behind the matrix those blood vessels are in the flesh and the mangling tendency of the saw closes them. The saw should be so constructed that the horn can be taken off with the greatest ease and the fewest strokes; should be long enough to give a good natural-stroke motion to the arm. It should have a strong steel back, with handle set low, so that the cutting edge is on a line with the forearm, and wide enough between back and blade to allow it to curve out at the proper time, so as not to sever the vein that runs across the ear.
            As for its being cruel, I say if the animal is properly held and the operation properly done, it is humane in the highest sense. There are many painful operations inflicted on our animals that are vastly more severe than dehorning, but such are the customs and necessities that we don’t stop to ask whether or not they are painful. Dehorning will become as general as castration all over the world in time, and the people will become so used to muleys that horns won’t be fashionable and won’t look well. Then the cry of cruelty will have been forgotten. Painful or not, we should dehorn. Better hurt 20,000 cattle than to have one person killed. This reminds me that I dehorned a Jersey bull that had hooked a woman in the mouth, knocking out six front teeth and tearing her cheek open to the ear. Then there are other minor reasons for dehorning. (1) The saving of a vast amount of loss of stock. (2) The saving of time and space in handling and housing. (3) The great saving of feed.
            It has been said that dehorning would injure the milk and butter qualities of the cow and her progeny. That is something that has no foundation for argument. You might as well say that the dismemberment of a hoof or tail or an ear would affect the milk-producing functions. People ought to take a common sense view of such things. I can say that I have lived with dehorned cattle for four years, and I know that my cows never did do as well when they had horns as they have since dehorning.
            Here are the words of Mr. Huse, of Manhattan: “My cows are Shorthorns. If any differences, they give more milk than they did before. If I was milking a hundred cows I would dehorn them by all means. I consider dehorning a great kindness.”
            Mr. I. N. Coard, Pawnee City, Neb., says: “Dehorning did not injure my cows in the least. It is the kindest act that can be performed in cattle.”
            Clarence F. Hunt, Superintendent for the dairy department of the Windsor farm, Denver, Colorado, says: “Dehorning is here to stay. We milk now one hundred cows, consisting of full-blood Holsteins, Jerseys and Swiss, and grades of all breeds. Since dehorning they have done better than before.”
            Alden E. True, of Paxico, says: “Dehorning did not injure the milk qualities of my cows in the least; I think dehorning cannot interfere in that direction. I regard dehorning as a great benefit to cattle-raisers and dealers. It is a kind of work that has a right way to be done, and I am sorry to say that there are many cattle that show conclusively that there is a wrong way.”
            H. M. Kirkpatrick, Exchange, Kansas City, says: “I am greatly pleased with the results. It did not interfere in the least with the milk. Of mine, some were fresh, some were strippers, some within a few days of calving. Some were pure-bred Holsteins and Jerseys. Not one lost a calf or a feed. It is a satisfaction now to see them feeding together like so many sheep, none fearing former bosses.”
            Various gentlemen, well qualified to form an intelligent opinion, have expressed themselves in explicit terms, signifying that dehorning has not and cannot injure the milking qualities of milch cows, while many have reported a considerable improvement. Personally, I do not consider the horns as having any bearing on the question. In my opinion, the improvement came from the fact of the cows becoming more docile, in consequence of being dehorned.
            Governor Hoard’s theory on the nervous temperament is unsupported by any facts.
            The best age to dehorn cattle is from six months to a year old, and the time that I would advise is any time when there is no danger of being fly-blown. I never knew of cold weather producing any bad effect. Rich breeders who have specially fine herds may have good and valid reasons for not dehorning, and in that special domain I do not wish to be considered an aggressor.

***End of Paper***

It really is fascinating to read something written by an ancestor. I wouldn't have known anything about Ebenezer's paper if I hadn't searched for his name on Google.

So, here's a tip for my fellow genealogists: search for your ancestors on Google. Also, make sure to use name variations in your searches. Ebenezer was listed in this publication as E. P. C. Webster, not Ebenezer Perry Carlisle Webster. In a search using "Ebenezer P C Webster" this publication was not listed in the results. I'm not sure if this publication would have been listed in the search results if I hadn't searched for "E P C Webster."

Here's another tip. Search in Google Books for your ancestors too. You never know what you may find.

Thanks for reading!


© 2016 Copyright by Jana Last, All Rights Reserved

1 Report of the Kansas State Board of Agriculture. Topeka: Kansas Publishing House, 1890. E P C Webster, Page 47. Google Books. University of Michigan, 2008. Web. 27 Apr. 2016.

Friday, April 22, 2016

Follow Friday ~ Fab Finds for April 22, 2016

NOTE: Fab Finds may be on hiatus next week. I’m in the midst of some rather large home improvement projects right now – tile and carpet installation, and fireplace remodel.

We have already had the tile replaced in our entry hall, as well as tile installed on our brick fireplace. New carpet will be installed the first week of May. There’s a lot of preparation that goes along with carpet installation, including removing all books from bookcases, removing and packing away items from the curio cabinet, clearing things out of closets, etc.

Also, we have a son who is getting married in June. Yay! I volunteered to make their wedding video. I’m in the process of gathering photos from digital files. I also still need to do a lot of scanning from photo albums for the video. Once that is finished, the happy couple will need to choose the photos they want in their video. I need to get my part of this project done soon so they have time to choose the photos in time for me to make the video. Whew!

So, with all of this in mind, I may or may not be able to publish my weekly Fab Finds post next week. Thank you for your patience and understanding.

My Fab Finds for this week are (in no particular order)
  1. Kids can be genealogy teachers by Jana Greenhalgh, author of The Genealogy Kids
  2. Finished Family Line Questioned...Part II by Amie Bowser Tennant, author of My Kith N Kin
  3. Is There A Difference Between a Death Notice, an Obituary Notice and a Burial Notice? by Dawn Kogutkiewicz, author of The Other Side of Scarlet
  4. Minnesota Death Records by Nichelle Barra, author of Copper Leaf Genealogy
  5. 10 Easy Mother’s Day Gifts Using Old Family Photos by Nicole Dyer, author of Family Locket
  6. Something in the House to Eat by Michelle Ganus Taggart, author of A Southern Sleuth
  7. The Great Canadian Genealogy Summit by Lynn Palermo, author of The Armchair Genealogist
  8. The Importance of Recording Your History by Lori Samuelson, author of Genealogy At Heart
  9. EBAY SUCCESS – YOU WILL NEVER BELIEVE WHAT I FOUND TODAY! by Linda Stufflebean, author of Empty Branches on the Family Tree
  10. The benefits of being a packrat… by fhtess65, author of writing my past
  11. The GenBlogParty Has Started! by Elizabeth O'Neal, author of LITTLE BYTES OF LIFE
  12. AncestryDNA alert by Judy G. Russell, author of The Legal Genealogist
  13. Moveable Feastdays in Norway by Martin Roe Eidhammer, author of Norwegian Genealogy and then some
  14. Success! Finding Wrongly Transcribed Names on Census Records AND Bandwagon: An Incredible Photo by Dana Leeds, author of The Enthusiastic Genealogist
  15. Family History: From Blog to Book by Lynn Palermo for MyCanvas Blog
  16. The Truth About Peanut Butter Cookies AND School Snack Picture: Family Collectibles Identified by Vera Marie Badertscher, author of Ancestors in Aprons
  17. Another interesting DNA dilemma by Michele Simmons Lewis, author of Ancestoring
  18. RootsMapper by Amberly, author of The Genealogy Girl
  19. Mother's Day Infographic by Janet Hovorka, author of Zap the Grandma Gap

RootsTech 2016 ~

This week's "May I Introduce To You" Interview on

New Blog Discoveries

In Case You Missed Them….My Contribution to the Blogosphere Last Week

Jana's Genealogy and Family History Blog
Jana’s Place

Thanks for reading!


© 2016 Copyright by Jana Last, All Rights Reserved

Wednesday, April 20, 2016

Alma Josefina Carlsson Has Been Found Too

In a previous post, I shared the exciting news that I found little Frans Gustaf Carlsson in a Sweden Household Examination Book. He was the son my 2nd great-granduncle and aunt, Carl Gustaf Carlsson and Anna Katarina Persdotter. I also mentioned in that post that I had also found a previously unknown to me daughter of Carl and Anna.

Today I'd like to share information about this daughter. Her name was Alma Josefina Carlsson.

I found her listed with her parents in this Sweden Household Examination Book from Lista, Sodermanland, Sweden for the years 1886 - 1890.1

Sweden Household Examination Book - Lista AI 19, 1886 - 1890

Here's a cropped view of the page.

Left side of page:

Right side of page:

This document gives us so much information. It states that Alma Josefina's birth date was 8 April 1887 and she was born in Lista, Sodermanland, Sweden.

Take a look at the line above Alma Josefina. Another sister named Alma is listed there - Alma Charlotta. Her name is crossed out, just like little Frans Gustaf Carlsson's name was crossed out in the document I shared in my previous post. This document states that Alma Charlotta was born on 23 December 1885 in Lista, Sodermanland, Sweden. It also states that she passed away on 2 October 1886 under the column "Dod."

I already had Alma Charlotta in my database, but not her sister Alma Josefina. So, this was a wonderful discovery for me.

I have found that it is very important to look through all of the years of the Sweden Household Examination Books for the families you are researching. They can contain a wealth of valuable information.

I was able to find my 2nd great-granduncle and aunt, Carl Gustaf Carlsson and Anna Katarina Persdotter, and their family in several Sweden Household Examination Books. In another one, I found additional information about Alma Josefina. I'll share that in a future post.

Thanks for reading!


© 2016 Copyright by Jana Last, All Rights Reserved

1 "Sweden Household Examination Books, 1880 - 1920," database, MyHeritage, accessed 3 April 2016, Alma Josefina Carlsson in household of Carl Gustaf Carlsson, Lista, Sodermanlands, Sweden, citing line 9, page 95, Bjorsater under Soder Eka, Book Lista AI 19, 1886 - 1890, image provide by ArkivDigital.

Tuesday, April 19, 2016

MyHeritage Launches New Community-Powered Q&A Hub

The following is a press release from MyHeritage ~

MyHeritage Community allows users to post requests for assistance with their family history research and receive help from the global 81-million-strong MyHeritage user community

TEL AVIV, Israel & LEHI, Utah, April 19, 2016 — MyHeritage, the fastest-growing destination for discovering, preserving and sharing family history, announced today the launch of MyHeritage Community, a new online Q&A hub that fosters family history research collaboration. MyHeritage Community is built as an image-oriented forum integrated into the website for users to help one another solve genealogical challenges, such as translating documents, deciphering handwritten letters, identifying unknown people in photos and searching for elusive ancestors.

With more than 81 million users around the world registered on MyHeritage and 42 languages supported, MyHeritage Community is uniquely positioned to serve as a meeting place for people trying to solve genealogical mysteries, and other people willing to help them. Users looking for assistance can post requests in the MyHeritage Community to get expert genealogy advice or benefit from native language expertise and local geographic familiarity. For example: a user in the United States with roots in Germany can post an image of an ancestor’s handwritten letter written in Kurrent — old German handwriting — and ask for help deciphering it. Another user from Germany can then translate it and add first-hand information on the town from which the letter was posted.

Volunteerism is an important value in the world of genealogy. Since the recent release of the MyHeritage Community, inspiring cases of users helping other users continue to surface. Examples include a user who posted a request for information on her relatives from a specific region in Italy and received pinpointed advice down to the address of the relevant office to contact; a user who asked for a translation of a church certificate from Portuguese to English and received a full translation and in-depth explanation of the purpose and origin of the document; plus many more.

“My definition of a genealogist is someone who — after consuming most research directions for his/her own family — helps other people research their family tree, just because he/she loves it so much,” said MyHeritage founder and CEO, Gilad Japhet. “Many genealogists are generous with their time and knowledge, and eager to help others explore their family history. The new MyHeritage Community allows people to help each other, making our service even more useful and effective.”

MyHeritage Community is free, and is accessible at

About MyHeritage

MyHeritage is the world's fastest-growing destination for discovering, preserving and sharing family history. As technology thought leaders, MyHeritage is transforming family history into an activity that’s accessible and instantly rewarding. Its global user community enjoys access to a massive library of historical records, the most internationally diverse collection of family trees and ground­breaking search and matching technologies. Trusted by millions of families, MyHeritage provides an easy way to share family stories, past and present, and treasure them for generations to come. MyHeritage is available in 42 languages.

Friday, April 15, 2016

Follow Friday ~ Fab Finds for April 15, 2016

My Fab Finds for this week are (in no particular order)
  1. Let’s Have a Blog Party! AND Join the April 2016 Genealogy Blog Party! by Elizabeth O'Neal, author of Little Bytes of Life
  2. Create Your Own . . . Clip Art by Susan Petersen, author of
  3. Military Monday - A different kind of summer soldier by Brandt Gibson, author of Brandt’s Rants
  4. Tombstone Tuesday Tip: Transcribe On Site AND Using the Notes Section on FamilySearch by Devon Noel Lee, author of A Patient Genealogist
  5. The power of the deadline by Janine Adams, author of Organize Your Family History
  6. Did Your Ancestor Have a Pet? by Lynn Palermo, author of The Armchair Genealogist
  7. Millennials Share Their Favorite FamilySearch Tools for Preserving Family Memories by Greg McMurdie for FamilySearch Blog
  8. FAMILY CHARTMASTERS • 7 GENERATIONS. by True Lewis, author of Notes To Myself
  9. I’m afraid of public speaking by Genealogy Jen, author of Repurposed Genealogy
  10. The Chiropodist Couple by Joanne Cowden, author of Researching Relatives
  11. One of the Best Boys I have Ever Known by Michelle Ganus Taggart, author of A Southern Sleuth
  12. Tuesday's Tip: They May Have Moved by Beth Gatlin, author of So Many Ancestors!
  13. I Wanted to Know More and I Found a lot from a Great Cemetery Database by Barbara Poole, author of Life From The Roots
  14. Creating a Memorial to Your Loved One – A Review of “Passed and Present” and Giveaway! by Diana Elder for Family Locket
  15. A Visit to an Alsatian Village by Melanie Frick, author of Homestead Genealogical Research
  16. Announcing the ISGS 2016 Ancestor Photo Contest by Illinois State Genealogical Society Blog
  17. How Endogamy Looks in Practice by Lara Diamond, author of Lara's Jewnealogy
  18. When You're Adopted, Which Ancestors Do You Choose? by Melyssa Webb, author of The Golden Age of Genealogy

RootsTech 2016 ~

This week's "May I Introduce To You" Interview on

New Blog Discoveries

In Case You Missed Them….My Contribution to the Blogosphere Last Week

Jana's Genealogy and Family History Blog
Jana’s Place

Thanks for reading!

© 2016 Copyright by Jana Last, All Rights Reserved



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